The Battle of Narva was a campaign between the German Army Abteilung “Narwa” and the Soviet Leningrad Front fought for possession of the strategically important Narva Isthmus from 2 February to 10 August 1944. The campaign took place in Estonia and consisted of two major phases: the Battle for Narva Bridgehead (February to July 1944) and the battle for the Tannenberg line.
The Soviet Kingisepp–Gdov Offensive and Narva Offensives (15–28 February, 1–4 March and 18–24 March) were part of the Red Army Winter Spring Campaign of 1944. Following Joseph Stalin’s “Broad Front” strategy, these battles coincided with the Dnieper–Carpathian Offensive (December 1943 – April 1944) and the Lvov–Sandomierz Offensive (July–August 1944).
the Soviet Estonian operation pushed the front westward to the Narva River, aiming to destroy “Narwa” and to thrust deep into Estonia. The Soviet units established a number of bridgeheads on the western bank of the river in February while the Germans maintained a bridgehead on the eastern bank. Subsequent attempts failed to expand their foothold. German counterattacks annihilated the bridgeheads to the north of Narva and reduced the bridgehead south of the town, stabilizing the front until July 1944.
The Soviet Narva Offensive (July 1944) led to the capture of the city after the German troops retreated to their prepared Tannenberg Line in the Sinimäed Hills (known as the Blue Hills) 16 kilometers from Narva. In the ensuing Battle of Tannenberg Line, the German army group held its ground. Stalin’s main strategic goal—a quick recovery of Estonia as a base for air and seaborne attacks against Finland and an invasion of East Prussia—was not achieved. As a result of the tough defense of the German forces the Soviet war effort in the Baltic Sea region was hampered for seven and a half months.
This map depicts the initial confrontation, during the winter of 44.